The First Nations Chiefs of Police Association was established in 1993. The Founders of FNCPA were:

Houghton, The Late Ernie
Former Chief of Police
Akwesasne Mohawk Police

McKay, Frank
Former Chief of Police
Dakota Ojibway Tribal Council Police

Kirby, The Late Dan
Former Chief of Police
Siksika Law Enforcement

Reid, Robert
Former Chief of Police
Louis Bull Police Department

Lickers, Glenn
Chief of Police
Six Nations Police

Scout, Elizabeth
Former Chief of Police
Blood Tribe Police

Luloff, Wes
Retired Chief of Police
Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service

Toney, The Late John
Former Chief of Police
Eskasoni Police Department

FNCPA Police Services and First Nations Policing (Types of Agreements)

The FNPP works on the principles of tripartite partnerships with communities, provinces and territories. There are four types of agreements managed by the Program:

  1. Self-Administered (SA) Agreements are negotiated among First Nation or Inuit communities, provincial or territorial governments, and the federal government. Under such agreements communities are responsible for managing their own police service, which is primarily staffed by officers of First Nation or Inuit descent.
  2. First Nations Community Policing Services (FNCPS) Framework Agreements are bilateral agreements between the federal and provincial/territorial governments that allow for the future signing of individual Community Tripartite Agreements.
  3. Community Tripartite Agreements (CTA) are a direct result of FNCPS Framework Agreements. Like SA agreements, CTAs are negotiated among First Nation or Inuit communities, provincial or territorial governments, and the federal government. Under a CTA arrangement, the First Nation or Inuit community has dedicated officers from an existing police service, typically the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
  4. Bilateral Contribution Agreements are agreements between the federal government and an identified recipient for specific projects – such as research, training and development initiatives – that respect and advance the mandate of the FNPP.

Under the FNPP, the federal government pays 52% and the provincial or territorial government pays 48% of the cost of the First Nations policing service. Table 1 presents the number of agreements by province and territory.

FNPP Stats provided via Public Safety Canada website: First Nations Policing

First Nations Policing Program – Canada’s Economic Plan

The Government of Canada has worked with First Nation and Inuit communities and provinces and territories to significantly improve public safety in these communities. In 2012-13, the FNPP funded 163 policing agreements, which represents approximately 1,250 professionally-trained and dedicated police officers working in approximately 400 First Nation and Inuit communities, serving a total population of over 338,000. (see link for more information)